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Ballast Water Management System

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Ballast Water Management System

Ballast Water Management System

1. General Introduction

Around the world approximately 3 to 5 billion tons of ballast water is transferred via ships each year, introducing aquatic invasive species into new environment, posing serious threats to maritime ecosystems, aquatic economy and human health.


The transfer of ballast water cannot be avoided since ballast water is absolutely essential to the safe and efficient operation of modern shipping. But the transportation of non-native species can be eliminated by means of appropriate treatment of ballast water.


The International Maritime Organization (IMO) has adapted the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships Ballast Water and Sediments, 2004, which mandates all ships that carry ballast water install treatment system by the required year depending on their ballast tank capacity and the year being built.

2. Hazards of Ballast Water

Loading ballast water is the necessary method during ship sailing. When loading ballast water, organisms in seawater could be carried into ballast tanks and discharged to the destination sea area. Ballast water in ships from one sea area to another could cause the invasion of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens. The unlimited ballast water discharging could cause serious ecological, economic and public heath impact to the receiving environment. The invasion of alien organisms had been listed by GEF as one of the four hazards to the ocean.


In order to control the invasion of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens in ballast water effectively, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) has developed the International Convention and Management of Ships Ballast Water and Sediments in 2004. The convention came into force since 2009 and requires that new ships must install ballast water treatment systems and this requirement is also suitable for the existing ships. Meanwhile, the convention had set regulation D-2 which regulated the category and the quantity of the surviving organisms in treated ballast water.

3. IMO D-2 Standards for Discharge of Ballast Water

Organism Type Required Regulation
Organisms,50m minimum dimension <10cells/ m3
Organisms, <50m and 10m minimum dimension <10cells/ml
Toxicogenic Vibrio cholerae (serotypes O1 and O39) <1cfu/100ml,or <1cfu/g(wet weight)of zooplankton samples
Escherichia coli <250cfu/100ml
Intestinal Enterococci <100cfu/100ml

4. Schedule for Installation of Ballast Water Treatment System

Year Built BW Capacity(m3) 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Newly-built
Ship
<2009 <5,000 D2
<2012
>2009
5,000 D1 D2
>2012 5,000 D2
Spot Ship <2009 1,500-5,000 D1 D2
<2009 <1,500
>5,000
D1 D2

D1-Ballast Water Exchange Standard

D2-Installation of Ballast Water Treatment System Required

5. Treatment Technology

The BWMS features two-stage process, applying efficient automatic filtration to remove larger organisms and sediments followed by powerful medium pressure UV unit to disinfect and inactivate smaller plankton, bacteria and pathogens.

Adopting totally chemical-free process, the BWMS best suits the demand of ship by effectively avoiding the uptake or discharge of harmful organisms but generating no toxic substance to environment and human health or corrosion contribution to ballast system.

Ballast water is treated going through the complete process (filter followed by UV reactor) at ballast water intake and re-treated at discharge through the UV reactor only (filter bypassed). The UV irradiation of ballast water again during de-ballasting ensures that any bacterial regrowth that may have occurred in the ballast tanks is fully disinfected before discharge.

6. Specification of the BWMS System

Model

Capacity (m3/hr)

Dimension (mm,LWH)

Weight (kg)

B150

150

241012651955

550

B250

250

301012652115

750

B300

300

301012652115

750

B500

500

360020153250

1250

B600

600

365022503250

1280

B750

750

374022803810

2850

B1000

1000

416524153845

3250

B1200

1200

365045003250

3560

B1500

1500

374045603810

5700

B2000

2000

416548303845

6500

B3000

3000

416572453845

9750

B4000

4000

416596603845

13000

B5000

5000

4165120753845

16250

B6000

6000

4165144903845

19500

7. Automatic back-flushing Filter in Front

The automatic self-cleaning filter serves to remove larger organisms and sediment particles, improving the transparency of water, and hence the effectiveness of UV irradiation.

The filter is designed to automatically back-flush itself at the end of each ballasting or de-ballasting operation, and when a timer is triggered or preset differential pressure caused by solids built up on filter screen is reached.


This automatic back-flushing mechanism keeps the filter screen clean and provides reliable, non-stop operation at high sediment loads. All organisms and particles removed by the filter are continuously returned to the sea at ballasting site. The filter is bypassed during the de-ballasting operation.


Ballast Water Management System

Specification & Advantages

- Removing large organisms over 50um
- Enhancing UV light transmission
- Reducing sediment in ballast tanks
- Low pressure drop
- Automatic back flushing
- Continuous filtering operation

- Vertical or horizontal installation

8. UV Disinfection

Our BWMS adopts medium pressure ultraviolet (UV) as a means of disinfection.Unlike chemical disinfectant, this purely physical disinfection process uses nothing but UV light to deactivate or damage the DNA of organisms, killing them or making reproduction impossible without any side effect.


The medium pressure lamps that our BWMS utilizes produce polychromatic UV output across the entire spectrum of germicidal curve. Taking into account the various poor water quality challenges at high flow rates, the powerful medium pressure lamps are regarded as a better solution for ballast water treatment application rather than low pressure lamps.

The medium pressure lamps are installed to be oriented perpendicular to fluid flow, which results in high performance and compact size for easy installation.

Ballast Water Management System

Specification & Advantages

Long life span medium pressure lamps
- Compact size for easy installation & maintenance
- Automatic wiping mechanism to ensure reliable lamp performance
- On-line UV intensity sensor for monitoring and control of consistent UV dosage

- Electronic ballast for optimal lamp power supply

-Proven disinfection technology on land and shipboard application for water treatment

- Easy and safe operation without side effect
- No chemicals added or toxic by-products generated
- No corrosion contribution to ballast system
- Not affected by variations in ballast water salinity in different harbors

9.Control Panel

The entire BWMS is controlled by a PLC (programmable logic controller) control panel with in-touch screen mounted on it. The PLC system monitors and controls all components (filter, UV, automatic valves, if required) and keeps the UV unit running at optimal status.


All operations and indications can be viewed on in-touch screen and the system can be easily integrated into ship control system to allow for operation and monitoring in control room.

Ballast Water Management System

Specification of Control Panel

- PLC based
- Human Machine Interface with in-touch screen
- All operations and data displayed
- Data logging for 24 months
- Visual & audible alarm
- Flexible interface with ship control system

10. Module Design

Ballast Water Management System

11. Application

Ballast Water Management System

Contact with us now

Our mail: manager@hiseamarine.com

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